Infection is the word that we commonly listen to these days, especially in these years. Different infections have been affecting our lives for centuries. Although the pathogens causing the infections are tiny species, these small and tiny beings can damage our body system severely.
In this era of science and technology where human is creating new and new things to ease up their task. In the same way, they are causing an increase in infections by the things they are creating, as they are contributing to pollution.
Humans are causing a significant increase in air, water, and soil pollution. Because of all this, these entities are becoming a hone of the virulent pathogens that are multiplying daily and becoming more and more dangerous.
You never know that the things you are eating, the air you are inhaling, or the water you are drinking may have highly virulent microorganisms in them. And this way, you can get exposed to any type of infection.
So how is infection is affecting our lives in the long run, and how can we prevent them? Here is a little guide to give you detailed info on infections:
An Overview of Infection
Now the question is, what is the infection? Well, infection, in layperson’s words, is the entry of some living being in your system and interfering with your system.
Now, if we look at this word in terms of science, then the” Infection is the entry of the microorganism called pathogens into the human’s body. These pathogens use the human body as a reservoir and replicate spreading throughout the body.” These pathogens could be bacteria, parasites, viruses, fungi, etc.
Infections are of different types and different origins. Types of human infection/pathogens are:
- Bacterial Infection: typhoid, diphtheria, pneumonia, T.B, etc.
- Viral Infections: Herpes, Varicella, HIV, Zika, COVID, etc.
- Fungal Infections: Candidiasis, Athlete’s foot, Ringworm, etc.
- Parasitic infection: Malaria, Scabies, Toxoplasmosis,
Now all these pathogens vary from each other in properties, genes, shapes, size, and what are their physiological properties. As bacteria are larger than viruses, while the viruses contain RNA, their genetic makeup bacteria contain DNA. Fungal pathogens contain mycolic acid in them. In this way, every pathogen differs from each other and causes infection in different ways and different amounts of time.
In the same way, they cause different symptoms. Some symptoms show up early, and some systems may show up late, or sometimes you get to know about the disease when it is in the last stage.
How Infection Affects Human Life?
Infectious diseases have been changing human life a lot. A person exposed previously to an infection of any type is always at risk of contracting it again in later life. People avoid that one as they are always in constant fear of contracting the infection. The infected person feels alone ad gets depressed. The patient feels negative and anxious. That person can’t live freely as he has to be careful of everything because he does not know when he may get affected again.
N the same way, if the infectious turn to endemic or pandemic, then it affects the economy of the country. We can take an example of the present-day where COVID-19 has affected many countries. And big and stable countries have been economically affected.
That is why it is realy important to take care of your health as a disease affects not only you but also the people surrounding you.
Causes of Infection
There could be different causes of infections, and some are such common habits of ours that can be the cause of us contracting an infection. Some main common reasons for infections are:
- Food and Water
Yes, the food we are eating and the water we are drinking could cause our infection. These days everything is getting polluted, one of which is our food. A lot of infectious pathogens enter our body through food. Food prepared from unhygienic products, in unsanitary conditions, or improperly stored can cause infections. The same goes for water.
- Contact with Others
This could be through direct contacts or indirect contact. Direct contact may be through blood, saliva, semen, vaginal secretion means by having sex. Or through nasal secretions, that means coming in contact with someone having a respiratory infection. Indirect contact could be as touching something contaminated and with the same hand touching your face. Or may through the environment like inhaling polluted air, etc.
- From Animals
If you have animals, then their cleanliness should be your priority, as there are a lot of Zoonotic pathogens that can spread through the animals. For example, the most common is the rabies virus that could spread through animal bites that have not been vaccinated.
Treatments of Infection
● Bacterial Infections
Bacterial infections treatment is through antibiotics. These are drugs that inhibit bacterial growth. They can either inhibit the growth, or they can either kill the bacteria. These could be prescribed as stand-alone drugs or maybe in combination with others.
● Viral Infections Treatment
If you have a good immune system, then the possibility is that you are going to recover n your own. But in some viral infections that are more virulent antiviral drugs are given.
● Fungal Infections Treatment
This possibly depends upon the type of infection you have. You could either get an oral antifungal or topical antifungal cream for treatment.
● Parasitic Infection
Same as the fungi, treatment of parasitic infection also depends upon the type of parasite that is affecting you. It could be oral or any other form.
Possible Measures to Take for Prevention
- Take Hygienic Measures: washing of hands, after every contact, especially with some infected person, cleaning of places, etc. All this can help in the prevention of infection.
- Investing In Good Infection Control Courses: To get a better insight of what infection is and how you can prevent and be safe from it, a lot of infection control courses have been introduced to the You can either take them online or physically. This is the best investment to do, as in this way not only can you help yourself but also help others.
- Practicing Safe Sex
- Taking Care of Wounds: If you have no cuts or scars, or wounds. Take care of them, sanitize them and cover In this way, you can effectively prevent an infection from spreading.
- Vaccination: Vaccination during early life could help prevent a lot of
- Avoid Sharing Personal Things: This should be avoided. Neither is someone else products nor give them yours—especially toothbrushes, blades, glasses, etc.
Infections could be of different types, different virulence, and may affect you in different ways. It is you who have to take care of yourself and the people surrounding you. As your one mistake can cause a lot of commotion to people around you. While some infections can be treated at home effectively, but it is always best to always get a routine checkup by a doctor. As you may never know, you might be a reservoir of an infection, so it is always best to be careful as it is said:
“Prevention is better than cure.”